Diagnostics

There are many tests that can help to find the reason why you are not feeling your optimum. Many can be ordered from your GP or integrative medical practitioner.

We are happy to order any of the following tests for you.

Our Tests Explained:

Coeliac Check $69 

People with coeliac disease who eat gluten have higher than normal levels of tissue transglutaminase antibodies in their blood. These antibodies are produced by the immune system because it views gluten – the proteins found in wheat, rye and barley – as a threat. This gluten intolerance test is positive in about 98% of patients with coeliac disease who are on a gluten-containing diet.
Note that a negative result does not necessarily exclude coeliac disease, and if you are symptomatic you may require further testing. A biopsy of the small intestine is the only way to formally diagnose coeliac disease.

This coeliac serology test measures:

Transglutaminase IgA

The tTg antibodies test is the most sensitive and specific gluten intolerance test for coeliac disease. This tTG blood test can also be used to help evaluate the effectiveness of treatment as antibody levels should fall when gluten is removed from the diet.

Deamidated Gliadin Antibodies

Anti-gliadin antibodies are produced in response to gliadin, a prolamin found in wheat.

Total IgA

IgA provides protection against infection in areas of the body such as the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract.

 

Intestinal Permeability (Leaky Gut) Check $159 

When the lining of the intestine and gut microbiome are compromised, unwanted substances can cross the barrier into the blood and activate an immune response in a condition known as ‘leaky gut’ or ‘intestinal permeability’.

Intestinal Permeability

This urine test assesses levels of a synthetic sugar and mannitol that can be used to monitor improvements or deterioration in intestinal permeability.

This urine test measures:

Lactulose Recovery

Lactulose is a ‘large’ molecule, and only small levels should be absorbed by the gut and excreted into the urine.

Mannitol Recovery

Mannitol is a ‘small’ molecule which is readily absorbed by the gut and subsequently excreted into the urine.

Recovery Ratio

Where ‘leaky gut’ is present, the large synthetic sugar molecules can penetrate the gut lining and are recovered in the urine, resulting in a high recovery ratio.

 

Parasite PCR Check $109 

Some gut problems can be a consequence of an undetected gut infection. A significant number of IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) cases could actually be due to undiagnosed gut parasites such as Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis.

Technology for detecting parasites and other pathogens has improved dramatically since 2013. This PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test looks for the genetic fingerprint of a wide range of pathogens. This is a far more sensitive test than the old fashioned technique of looking through a microscope.

Faecal Occult Blood

This test is used to detect bleeding in the digestive tract. It can detect tiny traces of blood in the stool, and can indicate the presence of disease at a relatively early stage when stools may appear normal.

This stool test measures:
Stool Form
A formed stool is considered normal. Variations to this may indicate abnormal gastrointestinal conditions.

Faecal Occult Blood

This test is used to detect bleeding in the digestive tract, and is used in Australia’s National Bowel Screening program. This test can detect tiny traces of blood in the stool, and can indicate the presence of disease at a relatively early stage when stools may appear normal.

PCR Test – Bacteria

This faecal multiplex PCR test detects the following pathogenic bacteria:

Salmonella

Salmonella infection usually results from ingestion of the bacteria from contaminated food, water or hands. Eggs, milk, meat or poultry are particularly high risk foods.

Campylobacter

Campylobacter infection (campylobacteriosis) is a bacterial infection which most commonly causes gastroenteritis (also known as ‘gastro’) but may also cause illness affecting the entire body.

Shigella

Shigella infection (shigellosis) is a type of gastroenteritis caused by Shigella bacteria. The symptoms of Shigella infection include fever, diarrhoea, (sometimes with blood and mucous), vomiting and stomach cramps.

Yersinia enterocolitica

This infectious bacteria can cause gastroenteritis and symptoms beyond the gut. Symptoms include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. It can mimic appendicitis or Crohn’s disease.

Aeromonas

Aeromonas are bacteria that can cause an acute diarrhoeal illness that normally clears without treatment. It is a fairly common cause of gastroenteritis, which occurs most often throughout the warm summer months in most countries.

Plesiomonas

Plesiomonas shigelloides is a bacteria found in aquatic environments that has been associated with sporadic cases and outbreaks of diarrhoeal disease.

PCR Test – Parasites

This faecal multiplex PCR test detects the following parasites:

Giardia intestinalis

Symptoms of Giardia infection can occur with 3 to 25 days and may include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, pale greasy foul-smelling stools, stomach cramps, passing excess gas, bloating, weight loss and fatigue.

Cryptosporidium

Cryptosporidium is a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrhoeal disease cryptosporidiosis. Both the parasite and the disease are commonly known as “Crypto.”

Dientamoeba fragilis

The bacteria can be present in the gut for months or year and misdiagnosed as IBS. Infection can cause diarrhoea, abdominal pain and cramping, anal itching, nausea, loss of appetite, headache, dizziness, depression, weight loss and fatigue.

Entamoeba histolytica

Amoebiasis is a parasitic disease (also known as amoebic dysentery) caused by infection with Entamoeba histolytica or another amoeba (for example, E. dispar). The disease may not cause symptoms in most individuals.

Blastocystis hominis

Some research suggests that people with IBS may be more likely to have Blastocystis hominis organisms in their stool.

 

Helicobacter Pylori $95 

Unlike a blood test, a stool test can tell you if you currently have h.pylori bacteria in your stomach and thus have an active infection.

This stool test measures

H.Pylori antigen

A positive test result indicates the presence of a current infection and is not affected by the presence of other organisms, antacids, barium sulphate, blood or fat.

 

SIBO Check $225

The large intestine is packed with bacteria, whilst the small intestine typically contains very few bacteria. If the small intestine becomes overgrown with bacteria it can lead to malabsorption of key nutrients, causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrohoea, bloating, fatigue, malabsorption of nutrients and weight loss. SIBO is also thought to be a possible factor in some cases of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Glucose Breath Test

Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen and methane gas when exposed to glucose. This test compares the hydrogen and methane levels in the 30, 60 and 90 minute breath samples to the baseline (0 minute) sample.

This glucose breath test measures:

Peak hydrogen increase over baseline

Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen and methane gas when exposed to glucose. SIBO is typically diagnosed if there is a rise in breath hydrogen or methane by 12ppm above the baseline.

Peak methane excretion over baseline

Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen and methane gas when exposed to glucose. SIBO is typically diagnosed if there is a rise in breath hydrogen or methane by 12ppm above the baseline.

Lactulose Breath Test

The lactulose test is used to measure oro-caecal transit time (OCTT) – this is the time interval between ingestion of lactulose and rise in breath hydrogen. Prolonged OCTT has been associated with SIBO.

This lactulose breath test measures:

Hydrogen increase over baseline by 60 mins

Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen and methane gas when exposed to lactulose. Hydrogen excretion is indicated by >10ppm sustained rise upon lactulose challenge.

OCTT (oro-caecal transit time)

Normal OCTT (the time it takes for lactulose to pass through the gut) in healthy adults is approx 60-120min. Prolonged transit time has been linked to SIBO.

 

Gut Inflammation $89

Calprotectin is a protein released by a type of white blood cell. When there is inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, white blood cells move to the area and release calprotectin, resulting in an increased level in the stool.

This stool test measures:

Faecal Calprotectin

This protein is released into the stool when the intestinal lining is damaged. It’s usually very high in cases of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (such as Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis), and low in IBS. Calprotectin is also elevated with gut infections and colon cancers.

 

Pancreatic Function $59

Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are broken down by stomach acids, enzymes produced by the pancreas, and bile from the liver. This process also releases micronutrients. This blood test measures the levels of enzymes produced by the pancreas.

This blood test measures:

Lipase

An enzyme produced by the pancreas which is released into the digestive tract to help digest fatty foods.

Amylase

An enzyme made mainly by the pancreas which is released from the pancreas into the digestive tract to help digest starch in our food.

 

Pancreatic Insufficiency Check $89

If you’re experiencing signs of malabsorption, stomach cramps, weight loss, malnutrition, or loose fatty stools, then pancreatic insufficiency could be to blame. Pancreatic insufficiency is the inability of the pancreas to deliver enough digestive enzymes to break down food in the intestine so it can be absorbed.

This stool test measures:

Pancreatic Elastase 1

Pancreatic Elastase is used to assess pancreatic exocrine function and levels reflect the activity of the pancreatic enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin, amylase and lipase.

 

Digestive Stool Analysis – Level 4+  $475 AUD

The CDSA Level 4+ is the most comprehensive stool assessment available for the assessment of digestive, absorption, metabolic, inflammation and tumour ulcer markers. This CDSA Level 4+ stool test is recommended for individuals with gut related symptoms such as IBS, indigestion, dysbiosis, constipation, and diarrhoea.

Faecal Macroscopy

Macroscopy looks at stool colour and formation, as well as for evidence of mucous or blood which may require further investigation.

This macroscopy test measures

Stool Colour
Brown is the colour of normal stool. Other colours may indicate abnormal gastrointestinal conditions.

Stool Form
A formed stool is considered normal. Variations to this may indicate abnormal gastrointestinal conditions.

Mucous
Mucous production may indcate the presence of an infection, inflammation or malignancy.

Faecal Occult Blood
This test is used to detect bleeding in the digestive tract, and is used in Australia’s National Bowel Screening program. This test can detect tiny traces of blood in the stool, and can indicate the presence of disease at a relatively early stage when stools may appear normal.

Digestive & Metabolic Markers

Microscopy is performed for detection of blood cells which may indicate infections or inflammation, as well as markers of maldigestion. The presence of food remnants may indicate poor digestion from too little gastric acid or reduced output from the pancreas.

This microscopy test measures

pH
Imbalances in gut pH influence short chain fatty acid production and their effect.

Red blood cells
The presence of red blood cells in the stool may indicate the presence of an infection, inflammation or haemorrhage.

White blood cells
The presence of white blood cells in the stool may indicate the presence of an infection, inflammation or haemorrhage.

Food remnants
The presence of food remnants may indicate maldigestion.

Meat fibres
The presence of meat fibres may indicate maldigestion from too little gastric acid or reduced output from the pancreas.

Vegetable fibres
The presence of vegetable fibres may indicate maldigestion from gastric hypoacidity or diminished pancreatic output.

Fat globules
Too much fat in your faeces is called steatorrhoea which can be a sign of malabsorption. This means your body either isn’t absorbing nutrients properly or isn’t making the enzymes or bile needed to digest food effectively.

Starch
The presence of starch grains may indicate carbohydrate maldigestion.

Digestive Markers

This blood test measures:

Chymotrypsin
Chymotrypsin is a pancreatic enzyme involved in protein digestion. Low levels of chymotrypsin may indicate protein maldigestion due to pancreatic insufficiency.

Short Chain Fatty Acids, Putrefactive
Putrefactive SCFAs are produced when anaerobic bacteria ferment undigested protein, indicating protein maldigestion.

Meat fibres
The presence of meat fibres may indicate maldigestion from too little gastric acid or reduced output from the pancreas.

Vegetable fibres
The presence of vegetable fibres may indicate maldigestion from gastric hypoacidity or diminished pancreatic output.

Pancreatic Elastase 1
Pancreatic Elastase is used to assess pancreatic exocrine function and levels reflect the activity of the pancreatic enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin, amylase and lipase.

Absorption Markers

This blood test measures:

Triglycerides, Stool
Elevated levels of Triglycerides in the stool may indicate lipid maldigestion.

Long Chain Fatty Acids
Elevated levels of LCFAs in the stool may indicate inadequate lipid absorption.

Cholesterol, Stool
Elevated levels of Cholesterol in the stool may indicate inadequate absorption.

Phospholipids
Elevated levels of Phospholipids in the stool may indicate inadequate absorption.

Metabolic Markers

This blood test measures:

Short Chain Fatty Acids, Beneficial
SCFAs are molecules produced by bacteria when they ferment dietary components (primarily fibre: non-digestible carbohydrates) inside the colon.

Butyrate
Decreased Butyrate levels may indicate inadequate colonic function.

b-Glucuronidase
Increased levels of b-Glucuronidase may reverse the effects of Phase II detoxification processes.

pH
Imbalances in gut pH influence short chain fatty acid production and their effect.

Acetate
Decreased Acetate levels may indicate inadequate colonic function.

Propionate
Decreased Propionate levels may indicate inadequate colonic function.

Inflammation Markers

This blood test measures:

Transglutaminase IgA
The tTg antibodies test is the most sensitive and specific gluten intolerance test for coeliac disease. This tTG blood test can also be used to help evaluate the effectiveness of treatment as antibody levels should fall when gluten is removed from the diet.

Eosinophil Protein X
There is increasing evidence that eosinophils are functionally involved in the pathophysiology of various inflammatory disorders of the gut.

Faecal Calprotectin
This protein is released into the stool when the intestinal lining is damaged. It’s usually very high in cases of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (such as Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis), and low in IBS. Calprotectin is also elevated with gut infections and colon cancers.

Tumour/ Ulcer Markers

This blood test measures:

M2 Pyruvate Kinase
2-PK is the key regulator of tumour metabolism and its measurement in faeces identifies gastrointestinal tumours, even in the absence of gastrointestinal bleeding.

H.Pylori antigen
A positive test result indicates the presence of a current infection and is not affected by the presence of other organisms, antacids, barium sulphate, blood or fat.

Beneficial Bacteria

Significant numbers of bacteria are normally present in the healthy gut. Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria in particular, are essential for gut health because they help to inhibit gut pathogens and carcinogens, control pH, reduce cholesterol and synthesise vitamins.

This stool test measures

Bifidobacteria
Bifidobacteria are considered “friendly” bacteria that are found in fermented foods like yogurt and cheese, and are used in probiotics. The gut needs these bacteria to perform several jobs, including breaking down foods, taking in nutrients, and preventing overgrowth of “bad” pathogenic bacteria.

Lactobacilli
Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria are essential for gut health because they prevent overgrowth of gut pathogens, and contribute to managing intestinal pH, cholesterol, and synthesis of vitamins and disaccharidase enzymes.

Eschericia coli
Most E. coli strains are harmless and play an essential role in keeping the digestive system healthy, helping to digest food and producing Vitamin K. However, some E. coli bacteria are pathogenic and can cause disease.

Enterococci
Together with other healthy bacteria and fungi, enterococci work to keep unhealthy (pathogenic) bacteria from flourishing and helps to restore the balance of the microbiome.

Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria

This panel also looks for evidence of other bacteria which may be pathogenic in nature, such as Citrobacter and Klebsiella.

This stool test measures

Klebsiella
Klebsiella forms part of the normal gut flora in small numbers, but can be an opportunistic pathogen

Citrobacter
Citrobacter is considered an opportunistic pathogen and therefore can be found in the gut as normal flora. It is occasionally implicated in diarrhoeal disease, particularly C. freundii, C. diversus and C. koseri.

Pseudomonas
Pseudomonas is found in water and soil as well as fruits and vegetables, and is considered an opportunistic pathogen.

Proteus
Part of the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract, though has been shown to be an independent causative agent of intestinal disorders. May also play a role as an opportunistic organism in enteric infection due to other pathogens. Food has been implicated as a vehicle of infection.

Campylobacter
Campylobacter infection (campylobacteriosis) is a bacterial infection which most commonly causes gastroenteritis (also known as ‘gastro’) but may also cause illness affecting the entire body.

Salmonella
Salmonella infection usually results from ingestion of the bacteria from contaminated food, water or hands. Eggs, milk, meat or poultry are particularly high risk foods.

Streptococcus species
Streptococcus is common in the gut flora. With the exception of very rare cases, streptococcus species are not implicated in gastric disease.

Yersinia
Yersinia infection (yersiniosis) is a bacterial infection of the bowel (intestine). It occurs worldwide, but is fairly uncommon. Many domesticated and wild animals carry Yersinia in their intestines, and spread to people occurs by eating food or water contaminated by infected faeces.

Enterococcus Faecalis & Faecium
Enterococcus species are part of normal flora in the human gut, but can however be implicated in a variety of infections of which urinary tract infections are the most common.

Mucoid Eschericia Coli
Most E. coli strains are harmless and play an essential role in keeping the digestive system healthy, helping to digest food and producing Vitamin K. However, some E. coli bacteria are pathogenic and can cause disease.

Other Bacteria
Other bacteria tested for include alpha-haemolytic Streptococcus, gamma-haemolytic Streptococcus, Pseudomonas species, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Bacillus species, Citrobacter amalonaticus, and Klebsiella pneumoniae

Yeasts

This test looks for evidence of candida or other yeast overgrowth. Whilst yeasts are a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract, they may become an opportunistic pathogen after disruption of the mucosal barrier, imbalance of the normal intestinal flora or impaired immunity. This can be caused by things like antibiotics, antacids and stress.

This stool test measures

Candida albicans
Candida albicans is the main type of yeast which colonises the human body. It normally lives in the gastrointestinal tract and other areas of the body without causing problems, but imbalance in the microbiome can lead to overgrowth.

Geotrichum
Geotrichum yeasts can be found in soil, dairy products and in human skin and mucosae, and are usually only considered an opportunistic pathogen in immune-compromised hosts. Geotrichum may play a role in IBS.

Rhodotorula
A common environmental yeast which is not considered pathogenic in nature. These yeasts are ubiquitous in the environment and can be found on fruits, vegetables and other plant materials.

Other yeasts
Whilst yeasts are a normal inhabitant of the gut, they may become an opportunistic pathogen after disruption of the mucosal barrier, imbalance of the normal intestinal flora or impaired immunity. This can be caused by things like antibiotics, antacids and stress.

Parasites

Some gut problems can be a consequence of an undetected gut infection. A significant number of IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) cases could actually be due to undiagnosed gut parasites such as Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis.

This stool test measures

Cryptosporidium
Cryptosporidium is a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrhoeal disease cryptosporidiosis. Both the parasite and the disease are commonly known as “Crypto.”

Giardia intestinalis
Symptoms of Giardia infection can occur with 3 to 25 days and may include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, pale greasy foul-smelling stools, stomach cramps, passing excess gas, bloating, weight loss and fatigue.

Entamoeba histolytica
Amoebiasis is a parasitic disease (also known as amoebic dysentery) caused by infection with Entamoeba histolytica or another amoeba (for example, E. dispar). The disease may not cause symptoms in most individuals.

Blastocystis hominis
Some research suggests that people with IBS may be more likely to have Blastocystis hominis organisms in their stool.

Dientamoeba fragilis
The bacteria can be present in the gut for months or year and misdiagnosed as IBS. Infection can cause diarrhoea, abdominal pain and cramping, anal itching, nausea, loss of appetite, headache, dizziness, depression, weight loss and fatigue.

Other parasites

 

Microbiome Testing $349

The diversity of your gut microbiome is important. Microbial diversity is a measure of both the different types and the amount of bacterial species in your sample.
Low microbial diversity is often associated with poor health.

Most of the DNA in your stool (~99%) is from microorganisms and only a small amount (~1%) is from you. The microorganisms in your gut fall into four main groups: bacteria, archaea (another form of microscopic life), eukaryotes (this includes fungi and parasites) and viruses.

The report will go into detail about the different species (good and bad) and look at your Metabolism potential, Neuroendocrine production, Short-chain fatty acids, essential vitamins, microbial Eukaryotes (bad microbes) and a microbiome Profile comparing you with other average healthy individuals

This microbiome test will show

  • The levels of bacteria, archaea, eukaryotes, and novel (unidentifiable) DNA in your sample.
  • The amount of human DNA in your sample.
  • Your microbiome’s potential to protect your nervous system.
  • Your microbiome’s levels of the inflammatory species
  • The potential for your microbiome to contribute to inflammation
  • Your microbiome’s potential to feed your gut
  • Your microbiome’s potential to calm your mind
  • Your microbiome’s potential to prevent kidney stones
  • Your microbiome’s potential to produce folate.
  • The potential for your microbiome to influence heart health
  • The potential for your microbiome to make branched-chain amino acids.
  • The balance between mucus breakdown and mucus production bacteria
  • The ability to breakdown resistant starch into compounds other bacteria can then use to produce butyrate.
  • Your Fibre-consuming bacteria
  • The number of species that can break down protein.
  • The variety of Flatulence producing bacteria

 

Essential Fatty Acids Check $89 AUD

Good sources of omega-3s and omega-6s should be consumed in the proper ratio. Omega-6 fatty acids compete with omega-3s and can inhibit their effect. Ideally the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 should be around 2:1, but the typical Western diet is closer to 16:1 due to processed foods and oils. This imbalance may be responsible for a number of inflammatory diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes, and play a key role in the development of obesity.

Omega Fatty Acid Profile

This essential fatty acid blood spot test measures the levels of essential fatty acids and their ratios that are critical to good health.

This blood spot test measures:

Omega 3 Index

Blood omega-3 fatty acids are a strong reflection of dietary intake and considered a risk factor for coronary heart disease. As a part of an overall healthy lifestyle, an Omega-3 Index in the 8-12% range may help to maintain heart, brain, eye and joint health. The omega-3 index is the sum of the fatty acids Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) in red blood cell membranes, and is expressed as a percentage.

Omega 6 to Omega 3 Ratio

Excessive amounts of omega-6 fatty acids and a very high omega 6: omega 3 ratio (as is found in today’s Western diets) promote the development of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Increased levels of omega-3 fatty acids (a low omega 6: omega 3 ratio) exert suppressive effects.

AA to EPA Ratio

The AA/EPA ratio is considered the best marker of cellular inflammation in the body. It represents the ratio of the omega-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid (AA) and the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).

Trans Fat Index

Trans fatty acids (trans fats) in our blood come only from the food we eat, with the vast majority being from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. Consumption of industrially-produced trans fats has been linked to poorer heart health.

 

FODMAP Check $225

FODMAPs are naturally occurring sugars found in milk and dairy products, fruits and vegetables, cereals and processed foods. These dietary sugars are poorly absorbed in the gut and can cause symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Lactose intolerance is the most common carbohydrate malabsorption

FODMAPs are naturally occurring sugars such as lactose, fructose, sorbitol, mannitol and sucrose found in milk and dairy products, fruits and vegetables, cereals and processed foods. These dietary sugars are poorly absorbed in the gut, and fermentation of the sugar by gut bacteria results in water retaining effect as well as gas production. In IBS sufferers this causes gut symptoms such as bloating, pain and diarrhoea. Restricting dietary intake of FODMAPS has been shown to relieve symptoms of IBS in up to 75% of patients.

Fructose and lactose breath testing are standard in all IBS sufferers and should be performed first. Testing for malabsorption of sucrose, sorbitol and mannitol should be considered in individuals with normal breath tests for fructose and lactose, or if symptoms fail to improve with restriction of fructose/ lactose intake. If you have a positive breath test result, our nutritionist can work with you to develop a low FODMAP diet to suit your requirements.

Lactose Malabsorption

Hydrogen/methane breath tests are highly specific and sensitive tools for the diagnosis of FODMAP malabsorption. They are considered first line interventions in the diagnostic workup of IBS symptoms and are recommended before dietary intervention. Breath tests avoid unnecessary food restrictions and adverse effects on gut microflora.

This breath test looks for lactose malabsorption which is advised in all IBS sufferers, especially those with symptoms related to milk/dairy products.

Peak hydrogen increase over baseline

This represents the amount of hydrogen present in an exhaled breath a period of time after taking a lactose dose. Hydrogen is produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrates in the gut.

Peak methane increase over baseline

Breath hydrogen is used for measurement of malabsorption where possible. If breath hydrogen production is low, further tests are conducted using equipment that also measures methane (CH4).

Fructose Malabsorption

Hydrogen/methane breath tests are highly specific and sensitive tools for the diagnosis of FODMAP malabsorption. They are considered first line interventions in the diagnostic workup of IBS symptoms and are recommended before dietary intervention. Breath tests avoid unnecessary food restrictions and adverse effects on gut microflora.

This breath test looks for fructose malabsorption which is advised in all IBS sufferers, especially those with symptoms related to fruit ingestion.

Peak hydrogen increase over baseline

This represents the amount of hydrogen present in an exhaled breath a period of time after taking the fructose dose. Hydrogen is produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrates in the gut.

Peak methane increase over baseline

Breath hydrogen is used for measurement of malabsorption where possible. If breath hydrogen production is low, further tests are conducted using equipment that also measures methane (CH4).

 

Allergy Check $109 AUD

Allergies are on the increase, and food allergies in particular are becoming more common. Allergies are caused by an overreaction of the body’s immune system to certain innocuous molecules from the outside world. These allergens may be from foods, pollens, house dust, animal hair or moulds.

Total IgE

Elevated IgE levels can indicate a tendency to be hyperallergic – this is often characterised by conditions such as eczema, hay fever, or allergic asthma.

This blood test measures:

Total IgE

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a protein associated with allergic reactions that is normally found in very small amounts in the blood. IgE functions as part of the body’s immune system (its defence against ‘intruders’).

Staple Food Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Egg White
  • Milk
  • Fish
  • Wheat
  • Peanut
  • Soyabean

Seafood Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Fish
  • Prawn
  • Blue Mussel
  • Tuna
  • Salmon

Nut Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Peanut
  • Hazelnut
  • Brazil Nut
  • Almond
  • Coconut

House Dust & Mite Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus
  • Dermatophagoides farinae
  • Housedust
  • Cockroach

Regional Grass/ Australian Pollen Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Rye
  • Bahia
  • Bermuda
  • Plantain
  • Ragweed
  • Goosefoot

Animal Epithelia Mix

This blood test measures:

  • Cat
  • Dog
  • Cow
  • Horse Dander

Mould Mix

This blood test measures:

  • notatum
  • herbarum
  • fumigatus
  • alternata

 

Food Intolerance testing $540

This Blood test checks for

220+ dairy, grains, nuts, fish/seafood, meats, vegetables and fruits

 

Heavy Metal Hair Analysis $154

Find out if you have toxic elements like Antimony, Aluminum, Arsenic, Beryllium, Cadmium, Lead, Nickel, Mercury, Strontium, Thallium, Tin and others in you system.
Do you get all the Vitamins and Nutrients your body needs?
Hair tissue mineral analysis is unique in that it inexpensively provides information directly about cellular activity, which is the main site of nutritional metabolism. As important as vitamins are, they can do nothing for the body without proper mineral intake. Vitamins cannot function and are unable to be assimilated without the aid of minerals. Though the body can synthesize some vitamins, it cannot manufacture a single mineral.

Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis is an analytical test that measures nutrient and toxic mineral content of hair. As the constituents of the hair are determined by the entry of substances from external sources and from substances that enter it from the blood stream, hair makes an ideal medium for analysis. Levels of particular toxic and nutrient minerals can be used to diagnose behavioral disorders. Hair is used as one of the tissues of choice by the United States Environmental  Protection agency in determining toxic metal exposure with the following summary: “The milk, urine, saliva and sweat measure the component that is absorbed but excreted. The blood measures the component absorbed and temporarily in circulation  before excretion and/or storage. The hair, nails and teeth are tissues in which trace minerals are sequestered and/or stored.” Since the structure of hair remains unchanged, the minerals are fixed in the hair and levels in hair do not significantly  change once that portion of hair has grown. The analysis accurately provides concentrations of minerals that have accumulated in the hair tissue over the hair growth period, approximately one to three months. Human head hair is a recording  filament that can reflect metabolic changes.

Tissue mineral analysis is unique in that it inexpensively provides information directly about cellular activity, which is the main site of nutritional metabolism. As important as vitamins are, they can do nothing for the body without proper  mineral intake. Vitamins cannot function and are unable to be assimilated without the aid of minerals. In most cases, identification of the deficiency or excess can be corrected by diet changes, work practice changes, or by supplementation appropriate for  our requirements.
From adolescence through adulthood the average person is continually exposed to a variety of toxic metal sources through contamination from soil and foods, the environment, and topical application such as hair dyes,  paint, ingestion from burnt fuels (lead), cigarette smoke (cadmium), hydrogenated oils (nickel), antiperspirants, soft drink and beer cans (aluminium), dental amalgams (mercury and cadmium), copper and aluminium cookware, insect repellent, water, work environment and industrial exposure. These are just some of the sources which can contribute to toxic metal exposure. Factors include the dose, duration, the route or pathway by which you are exposed (breathing, eating, drinking or skin contact), the other chemicals  to which you are exposed, and your individual characteristics such as age, sex, nutritional status, family traits, lifestyle and state of health.

After screening your hair for 40 elements, 26 nutrients and other elements and 14 toxic elements, an informative thirty page report is forwarded to you in an easy to read graph style format showing various levels of nutrient or toxin imbalance in parts per million (PPM). This will show how your value relates to the normal or ideal reference range.
16 Essential Elements: (B) Boron (Cr) Chromium (Mn) Manganese (Se) Selenium (Ca) Calcium (I) Iodine (Mo) Molybdenum (Na)  Sodium (Co) Cobalt (Fe) Iron (P) Phosphorous (S) Sulphur (Cu) Copper (Mg) Magnesium (K) Potassium (Zn) Zinc
12 Non-essential Elements: (Al) Aluminium (Li) Lithium (Rb) Ribidium (Sn) Tin (Bi) Bismuth (Ni) Nickel (Si) Silica (Ti)  Titanium (Au) Gold (Pt) Platinum (Sr) Strontium (V) Vanadium 12 Toxic Elements: (Sb) Antimony (Be) Beryllium (Pb) Lead (Tl) Thallium (As) Arsenic (Cd) Cadmium (Hg) Mercury (W) Tungsten (Ba) Barium (Ge) Germanium (Ag) Silver  (U) Uranium
Note: When it comes to toxins and heavy metals there is really no ‘safe’ level. Ideally you want to have all of these values in the not detectable range

 

Suntrex D3™ is a natural vitamin D3 supplement formula that boosts the immune system, assists with calcium absorption, promotes brain health, and more.